Astronomical Events Calendar

Jump to:

NOTE: Time is in GMT +1

Year: 2019

---January---

January 3 and 4 - Quadrantids Meteor Shower - Time: 3:28

Will have up to 40 meteors per hour at its peak, It peaks this year on the night of the 3rd and morning of the 4th. This shower is assumed to have originated from an extinct comet known as 2003 EH1 discovered in 2003

January 6 - New Moon - Time: 2:28

January 6 - Venus reaches Greatest Western Elongation - Time: 5:59

Venus will reach 47 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible.

January 6 - Partial Solar Eclipse - Time: 2:41

Moon covers part of the Sun. Visible in: Eastern Asia, Northern Pacific Ocean and North eastern Russia

January 21 - Full Moon and Supermoon - Time: 6:16

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun and unusually large. It is calculated that there will only be three Supermoon in 2019

January 21 - Total Lunar Eclipse - Time: 6:12

The Earth goes in line in between the Sun and the Moon to give the Moon a strange red color. Visible in: North America, South America, Eastern Pacific Ocean, Western Atlantic Ocean, extreme western Europe, and extreme western Africa

---February---

February 4 - New Moon - Time: 22:04

February 5 - Moon Apogee - Time: 10:26

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

February 12 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 23:26

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

February 17 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 10:42

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

February 19 - Moon Perigee - Time: 10:06

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

February 19 - Full Moon and Supermoon - Time: 16:53

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun and unusually large being nearest to Earth. This is the second Supermoon of 2019

February 26 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 12:28

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

February 27 - Mercury reaches Greatest Eastern Elongation - Time: 01:59

Mercury will reach 18.1 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible in the western sky.

---March---

March 2 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 12:03

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

March 4 - Moon Apogee - Time: 12:25

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

March 6 - New Moon - Time: 17:04

March 14 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 11:27

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

March 16 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 17:22

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

March 19 - Moon Perigee - Time: 20:47

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

March 20 - March Equinox (Vernal Equinox) - Time: 22:58

The equinoxes are the only times when the Sun is perpendicular to the equator. As a result, the northern and southern hemispheres are equally illuminated so there will be nearly equal amounts of day and night throughout the world. After March Equinox, the North Pole of Earth continues tilting slowly towards the Sun, so this is the first day of spring (vernal equinox) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.

March 21 - Full Moon and Supermoon - Time: 02:43

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun and unusually large being nearest to Earth. This is the last Supermoon of 2019

March 28 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 05:10

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

March 29 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 14:08

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

---April---

April 1 - Moon Apogee - Time: 01:14

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

April 5 - New Moon - Time: 09:50

April 11 - Mercury reaches Greatest Western Elongation - Time: 19:59

Mercury will reach 27.7 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible.

April 12 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 19:08

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

April 12 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 20:06

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

April 16 - Moon Perigee - Time: 23:02

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

April 19 - Full Moon - Time: 12:12

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

April 22 and 23 - Lyrids Meteor Shower - Time: 00:58

Will have up to 20 meteors per hour at its peak, the shower runs annually from April 16-25 It peaks this year on the night of the 22 and morning of the 23. It is produced by dust particles left behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher, discovered in 1861.

April 25 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 16:02

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

April 26 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 23:18

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

April 28 - Moon Apogee - Time: 19:20

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

---May---

May 4 - New Moon - Time: 23:45

May 6 and 7 - Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower - Time: 00:58

Will have up to 60 meteors per hour at its peak, the shower runs annually from April 6-7 It peaks this year on the night of the 6 and morning of the 7. It is produced by dust particles left behind by comet Halley which has been known and observed since ancient times.

May 9 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 19:50

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

May 12 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 02:12

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

May 13 - Moon Perigee - Time: 22:53

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

May 18 - Full Moon (Blue Moon) - Time: 22:11

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun. There are just three Full Moons in each season (3 months Spring Summer Autumn Winter) but since full moons occur every 29.53 days then sometimes a season will contain 4 full moons. The extra full moon of the season is called a blue moon and they occur about every 2.7 years.

May 22 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 20:12

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

May 26 - Moon Apogee - Time: 14:27

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

May 26 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 17:33

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

---June---

June 3 - New Moon - Time: 11:02

June 5 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 23:46

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

June 8 - Moon Perigee - Time: 00:21

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

June 10 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 06:59

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

June 10 - Jupiter at Opposition - Time: 16:11

Jupiter will be closest to Earth and fully illuminated, so it will be totally visible and with the help of medium-size telescopes its cloud and moons will be visible.

June 17 - Full Moon - Time: 09:31

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

June 19 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 02:49

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

June 21 - June Solstice (Summer Solstice) - Time: 16:54

Solstice is either of the two moments in the year when the Sun's apparent path is farthest north or south from Earth's Equator. In June Solstice The North Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the Sun. This is the first day of summer (summer solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of winter (winter solstice) in the Southern Hemisphere.

June 23 - Moon Apogee - Time: 08:50

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

June 23 - Mercury reaches Greatest Eastern Elongation - Time: 23:59

Mercury will reach 25.2 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible in the western sky.

June 25 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 10:46

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

---July---

July 2 - New Moon - Time: 20:16

July 2 - Total Solar Eclipse - Time: 20:23

Moon blocks the Sun and only the Sun's corona is seen. The path of totality will only be visible in parts of the southern pacific Ocean, central Chile, and central Argentina. A partial eclipse will be visible in most parts of the southern Pacific Ocean and western South America.

July 3 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 07:53

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

July 4 - Earth Aphelion - Time: 19:59

The aphelion is the point in the orbit of an object where it is farthest from the Sun.

July 5 - Moon Perigee - Time: 05:54

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

July 9 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 11:55

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

July 9 - Saturn at Opposition - Time: 17:12

Saturn will be closest to Earth and fully illuminated, so it will be totally visible and with the help of medium-size telescopes its rings and moons will be visible.

July 16 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 10:05

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

July 16 - Partial Lunar Eclipse - Time: 22:31

Earth moves between the Sun and Moon but they do not form a straight line in space. So a small part of the Moon's surface is covered by the darkest, central part of the Earth's shadow, called the umbra. The rest of the Moon is covered by the outer part of the Earth's shadow called the penumbra. Visible in: most of Europe, Africa, central Asia, and the Indian Ocean

July 16 - Full Moon - Time: 22:38

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

July 21 - Moon Apogee - Time: 01:01

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

July 25 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 02:18

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

July 28 and 29 - Delta Aquarids Meteor Shower - Time: 15:59

Will have up to 20 meteors per hour at its peak, the shower runs annually from July 12 to August 23 It peaks this year on the night of 28 and morning of 29. It is produced by debris left behind by comets Marsden and Kracht

July 30 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 18:02

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

---August---

August 1 - New Moon - Time: 04:12

August 2 - Moon Perigee - Time: 08:08

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

August 7 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 18:31

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

August 9 - Mercury reaches Greatest Western Elongation - Time: 23:59

Mercury will reach 19.0 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible in the eastern sky.

August 12 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 15:45

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

August 12 and 13 - Perseids Meteor Shower - Time: 07:53

Will have up to 60 meteors per hour at its peak, the shower runs annually from July 17 to August 24 It peaks this year on the night of 12 and morning of 13. It is produced by comet Swift-Tuttle, which was discovered in 1862. The Perseids are famous for producing a large number of bright meteors

August 15 - Full Moon - Time: 13:29

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

August 17 - Moon Apogee - Time: 11:50

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

August 23 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 15:56

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

August 27 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 02:50

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

August 30 - New Moon - Time: 11:37

August 30 - Moon Perigee - Time: 16:57

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

---September---

September 6 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 04:10

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

September 8 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 18:35

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

September 10 - Neptune at Opposition - Time: 07:18

Neptune will be closest to Earth and fully illuminated, so it will be especially visible and because of its distance, it can be explored with the help of powerful telescopes

September 13 - Moon Apogee - Time: 14:32

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

September 14 - Full Moon - Time: 05:33

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

September 22 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 03:41

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

September 23 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 07:30

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

September 23 - September Equinox (Autumnal Equinox) - Time: 08:49

The equinoxes are the only times when the Sun is perpendicular to the equator. As a result, the northern and southern hemispheres are equally illuminated so there will be nearly equal amounts of day and night throughout the world. After September Equinox, the South Pole of Earth continues tilting slowly towards the Sun, so this is the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of spring (vernal equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.

September 28 - Moon Perigee - Time: 03:27

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

September 28 - New Moon - Time: 19:26

---October---

October 5 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 17:47

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

October 5 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 19:49

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

October 8 - Perseids Meteor Shower - Time: Night

Will have up to 10 meteors per hour at its peak, the shower runs annually from October 6 to 10 It peaks this year on the night of 8. It is produced by dust grains left behind by comet 21P Giacobini-Zinner, which was first discovered in 1900

October 10 - Moon Apogee - Time: 19:29

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

October 13 - Full Moon - Time: 22:08

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

October 20 - Mercury reaches Greatest Eastern Elongation - Time: 04:59

Mercury will reach 24.6 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible in the western sky.

October 20 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 08:28

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

October 21 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 13:39

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

October 21 and 22 - Orionids Meteor Shower - Time: 00:12

Will have up to 20 meteors per hour at its peak. The shower runs annually from October 2 to November 7. It peaks this year on the night of 21 and morning of 22. It is produced by dust grains left behind by comet Halley, which has been known and observed since ancient times

October 26 - Moon Perigee - Time: 11:41

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

October 28 - New Moon - Time: 04:38

October 28 - Uranus at Opposition - Time: 09:17

Uranus will be closest to Earth and fully illuminated, so it will be especially visible and because of its distance, it can be explored with the help of powerful telescopes

---November---

November 1 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 22:40

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

November 4 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 11:23

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

November 5 and 6 - Taurids Meteor Shower - Time: 23:57

Will have up to 5-10 meteors per hour at its peak. The shower runs annually from September 7 to December 10. It peaks this year on the night of 5 and morning of 6. It is unusual in that it consists of two separate streams. The first is produced by dust grains left behind by Asteroid 2004 TG10. The second stream is produced by debris left behind by Comet 2P Encke

November 7 - Moon Apogee - Time: 09:37

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

November 11 - Mercury Transit Across the Sun - Time: 19:04:14

Mercury will move right across the face of the sun by being directly between the Earth and the Sun. A black spot moving across the sun will be visible. Only telescope with approved solar filter are allowed to view this. Visible throughout all of South America and Central America, and parts of North America, Mexico, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. The best place to view this event in its entirety will be the eastern United States, Central America, and South America. For more info: http://xjubier.free.fr/en/site_pages/transits/ToM_2019.html

November 12 - Full Moon - Time: 14:34

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

November 16 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 09:48

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

November 17 and 18 - Leonids Meteor Shower - Time: 06:15

Will have up to 15 meteors per hour at its peak. The shower runs annually from November 6 to 30. It peaks this year on the night of 17 and morning of 18. The Leonids is produced by dust grains left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle, which was discovered in 1865

November 19 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 22:11

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

November 23 - Moon Perigee - Time: 08:54

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

November 26 - New Moon - Time: 16:06

November 28 - Mercury reaches Greatest Western Elongation - Time: 10:59

Mercury will reach 20.1 degrees from the sun and will be especially visible in the eastern sky.

November 29 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 05:13

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth

---December---

December 4 - Moon First Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 07:58

First Quarter Moon is a Moon phase that occurs when the Moon has reached the 1st quarter of its orbit around Earth. The First Quarter Moon rises near the middle of the day and sets around the middle of the night in most areas

December 5 - Moon Apogee - Time: 05:09

The Moon will be at the greatest distance from Earth

December 12 - Full Moon - Time: 06:12

Moon will be fully illuminated being on the other side of earth to the sun.

December 13 - Moon Ascending Node - Time: 15:15

The Moon enters its ascending node orbit around Earth

December 13 and 14 - Geminids Meteor Shower - Time: 19:25

Will have up to 120 meteors per hour at its peak. The shower runs annually from December 7 to 17. It peaks this year on the night of 13 and morning of 14. It is produced by debris left behind by an asteroid known as 3200 Phaethon, which was discovered in 1982

December 18 - Moon Perigee - Time: 21:30

The Moon will be at the nearest to Earth

December 19 - Moon Last Quarter (Half Moon) - Time: 05:57

A week after Full Moon, the Moon reaches its Last Quarter. In this phase, the Moon is in quadrature and one half of the Moon's disk is illuminated. The Last Quarter Moon rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise and sets at noon.

December 22 - December Solstice (Winter Solstice) - Time: 05:19

Solstice is either of the two moments in the year when the Sun's apparent path is farthest north or south from Earth's Equator. In December Solstice, the South Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the Sun. This is the first day of winter (winter solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of summer (summer solstice) in the Southern Hemisphere.

December 21 and 22 - Ursids Meteor Shower - Time: 04:00

Will have up to 5-10 meteors per hour at its peak. The shower runs annually from December 17 to 25. It peaks this year on the night of 21 and morning of 22. It is produced by dust grains left behind by comet Tuttle, which was first discovered in 1790

December 26 - New Moon - Time: 06:13

December 26 - Annular Solar Eclipse - Time: 06:18

Occurs when the Moon comes between the Earth and the Sun but the Moon is too far away from the Earth to completely cover the Sun resulting in a ring of light around the darkened Moon. The Sun's corona is not visible during an annular eclipse. Only telescope with approved solar filter are allowed to view this. The path of of the eclipse will begin in Saudi Arabia and move east through southern India, northern Sri Lanka, parts of the Indian Ocean, and Indonesia before ending in the Pacific Ocean. A partial eclipse will be visible throughout most of Asia and northern Australia. More info: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEplot/SEplot2001/SE2019Dec26A.GIF

December 26 - Moon Descending Node - Time: 14:01

The Moon enters its descending node orbit around Earth